BEFORE THE STORMIf you believe your residence is unsafe or at risk, you should leave and seek shelter immediately
The Red Cross can help you find shelter. In addition, local organizations will have established shelters and may be able to provide meals, clothing and personal goods.
If there’s time, and you can do so safely, photographing each wall in your residence before you depart can be immeasurably helpful to the rebuilding and insurance recovery purposes. If time permits, secure the property to the degree that you can: board over windows, secure outdoor furnishings, and trim back tree branches that could become detached or airborne in high winds.
DURING STORM ACTIVITYOnce you’ve reached safety, reach out to your mortgage servicer and insurance provider to begin the process of recording, repair, and recovery. Make sure you access the latest information regarding natural disaster status from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) at fema.gov/disasters. Apply for necessary financial aid at disasterassistance.gov, and make initial calls to get in touch with your servicer and insurer.
Connect with your mortgage servicer
Most lenders offer disaster-related payment forbearance, which can be helpful as you sort through the disaster impacts. Forbearance allows for the temporary suspension of your monthly mortgage payments while your current loan remains in effect. You’ll work with your servicer to create a repayment plan that works and be aware as there are options to explore even if you’ve suffered a natural disaster-related financial hardship and reside outside a FEMA-declared disaster zone.
If you reside in a FEMA-declared disaster area and your property or finances have suffered, you’ll likely qualify automatically for a forbearance of at least three months, and any credit reporting and late charges will be waived.
If you don’t have your lender’s contact information, your monthly mortgage statement, or coupon book with you, you can search the Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems (MERS) at mers-servicerid.org/ sis/ or call toll-free at (888) 679-6377 to find the company that services your mortgage.
Make initial contact with your insurance providerReach out to your homeowners’ insurance agent and your flood insurance agent. Confirm what your coverage includes and whether any specific steps need to be completed before repairs can begin. Many hazard policies also cover alternate living expenses while you’re out of home that include temporary housing and meal assistance.
Request disaster assistanceIf you’re a homeowner or renter in a county that’s been designated as part of a federally declared disaster area, you can register for federal disaster assistance even if you have insurance.
Policies vary in terms of coverage, and everyone’s coverage can differ, however you may register with FEMA for grants or temporary rental assistance, critical home repairs and other disaster-related needs that may not be covered by pre-existing insurance.
It’s recommended that you not wait for an insurance settlement to apply for federal assistance. Wait- ing may cause you to miss a FEMA-imposed deadline to apply for aid and lose access to designated federal disaster assistance.
If you don’t have specific overage related to flooding, assistance may be available to you. You may be able to receive rental payments for temporary housing, unemployment compensation, loans to cover residential losses not covered by insurance, and grants for home repairs and replacement of personal property and other disaster-related needs.
To apply for assistance, visit disasterassistance.gov or call the registration phone number at (800) 621-3362. Those with hearing loss or a speech disability can call (800) 462-7585, and those who use 711 or Video Relay Service can call (800) 621-3362.
The U.S. Small Business Administration provides support through three specific types of disaster assistance:
- Home Disaster Loans for families requiring funds to repair or rebuild their real estate or personal property. Available to owners and renters, this covers property including vehicles so residents can return to work.
- Business Disaster Loans for businesses requiring repairs or property replacement due to effects of the disaster. This can include impacted real estate, stock inventory, supplies and equipment, and there is no company size eligibility requirement to qualify.
- Economic Injury Disaster Loans provide working capital to businesses requiring financial support to meet their obligations during a period of crisis recovery. This type of support is only available to businesses that cannot access outside credit to meet their cash flow needs.
AFTER STORM ACTIVITY
Once the worst of the storm’s efforts have subsided, thoughts and efforts move into a new stage as
recovery work can begin.
Document incurred damage; secure your property
If it’s safe to do so, board up broken windows and cover damaged roofs to protect the property from additional damage.
If you are not insured
- Contact your utility companies. If your home is damaged and you aren’t able to live in it, you may want to contact your utility companies to suspend your services.
- Patrol against post-disaster scammers. Stay vigilant against phony housing inspectors or building contractors, bogus requests for disaster donation, and false offers of state or federal aid. Officials never request money to offer help, and always carry identification badges
There is no fee to apply for or to receive help from FEMA, the U.S. Small Business Administration, or the state agency
Suspicious of potential scam or fraudulent activity? Report concerns to the FEMA Disaster Fraud Hotline – (866) 720-5721, (844) 889-4357 or by contacting state law enforcement, or the state attorney general’s consumer protection hotline.