Fannie and Freddie loan limits increase

The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) just announced that the maximum conforming loan limits for mortgages will increase to $484,350 in 2019. These are loans that are to be acquired by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. In most of the United States, the 2019 maximum conforming loan limit for one-unit properties will be $484,350, which is up from $453,100 in 2018. 

It is required by the Housing and Economic Recovery Act (HERA) that the baseline conforming loan be adjusted each year to reflect changes in the average home price. According to FHFA’s third-quarter 2018 House Price Index (HPI) – which includes estimates for the increase in the average U.S. home value over the last four quarters – home prices increased an average of 6.9 percent between the third quarters of 2017 and 2018. This causes the baseline to increase for 2019 by the same percentage. 

Higher-priced regions

For areas with significantly higher home values, the maximum loan limit will be $726,525 or 150 percent of $484,350. This figure is calculated in areas where 115 percent of the local median home value exceeds the baseline conforming loan limit. HERA establishes the maximum loan limit as a multiple of the area median home value, while setting a "ceiling" of 150 percent of the baseline loan limit. Median home values generally increased in high-cost areas in 2018, so the maximum loan limits were driven up in many areas.

There are special provisions for Alaska, Hawaii, the U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam. In these areas, the baseline loan limit will be $726,525 for one-unit properties, but loan limits may be higher in some locations.

An increase for majority of country

Bottom line, the increase in the ceiling loan limit and the maximum conforming loan limit will be higher in 2019 in all but 47 counties or county equivalents in the U.S.  

Read more for a full list of the 2019 maximum loan limits for all counties and county-equivalent areas in the U.S.

Read more for a map showing the 2019 maximum loan limits across the U.S..

Read more  for a detailed description of the methodology used to determine the maximum loan limits in accordance with HERA.